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De Passy à Barbès : deux visages du vote Le Pen à Paris

Abstract : In the 1984 European elections and the 1986 legislative elections in Paris, the Front National mobilized voters mostly in those neighborhoods which had the highest proportion of foreign inhabitants. Was that a xenophobic reaction, directly or indirectly brought about by the proximity of the " immigrants " ? The explanation does not hold up, since on the two occasions the "foreigners " were not the same. In 1984, the Le Pen vote was highly correlated with the proportion of Spaniards and Portuguese in each neighborhood's population. Many Portuguese and Spaniards work as watchmen or servants in the residential districts of Western Paris, which usually vote for the right. The correlation between their presence and that of Le Pen voters merely illustrates thé bourgeois character of these voters in 1984. In 1986, the Le Pen vote is highly correlated with the proportion of North Africans, mostly manual workers living in the poor North-East districts, the traditional bulwarks of the left. The correlation between their presence and the vote for the Front National illustrates the working class character and protest-proneness of these voters in 1986. In two years, the Le Pen phenomenon has changea. The change, confirmed by national opinion polls, is reflected by the correlations observed in Paris.
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Nonna Mayer. De Passy à Barbès : deux visages du vote Le Pen à Paris. Revue Francaise de Science Politique, Fondation Nationale des Sciences Politiques, 1987, 37 (6), pp.891 - 905. ⟨10.3406/rfsp.1987.411587⟩. ⟨hal-03458106⟩

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