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The “Populist Moment”: Towards a “post-liberal” Europe?

Abstract : Nowadays, the increasing defiance of citizens of Western democracies towards political institutions and classes governing their national democracies centres around a “populist moment”, which can be regarded as a the symptom of a crisis of liberalism. If the rise of populisms finds its roots within specific national contexts, this phenomenon features some general characteristics - anti-elitism, anti-pluralism and anti-liberalism – that weakens liberal democracy, and more specifically, European democracies. These trends must lead us to redefine liberalism in order to challenge the excesses and inadequacies of political and economic systems, by putting an emphasis on the limits of the State and the market, as well as on the respective limits of demands for security, freedom and identity. To counter this “post-liberal” populism, the UE must take into account several aspirations expressed by its citizens: the need for community and identity through the issue of European borders, a response to the social question as well as a better protection regarding economic and security matters. Therefore, a narrative on a “regalian Europe” is necessary. Such objective aims to strengthen the sovereignty of public authorities, be it at the national and European levels, to protect the physical and economic security of European citizens, while allowing the greatest possible space for individual liberty. Faced with this “populist moment”, it is that precise balance we need to redefine.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, November 30, 2021 - 4:28:16 PM
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Thierry Chopin. The “Populist Moment”: Towards a “post-liberal” Europe?. 2017. ⟨hal-03457576⟩

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