Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Preprints, Working Papers, ...

Measuring the Child Penalty Early in a Career: The Case of Young Adults in France

Abstract : There is a large literature on the existence of a child penalty for mothers after the birth of a child. There is little discernible effect on fathers’ labour incomes, although some studies find that there is a premium. We measure the penalty due to the birth of a first child for both parents for cohorts of young adults after leaving the educational system. Using an event study approach, this paper contributes to the literature by examining the child penalty in France not only in terms of monthly earnings, but also the employment rate, working hours, hourly earnings, and other outcomes. Using on a rich dataset, we estimate child penalty by educational level and for different cohorts. We find evidence of a significant child penalty for mothers: 23% in monthly earnings overall, rising to 35% for those with secondary education only. For the 2010 cohort, we observe the same level of absolute child penalties for mothers, whereas the relative penalty has narrowed. This is due to a decrease in monthly earnings, and more precisely in employment rate of fathers before and after the birth of the child in the aftermath of the 2008 crisis.
Document type :
Preprints, Working Papers, ...
Complete list of metadata

https://hal-sciencespo.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03451099
Contributor : élisabeth wolff-maussion Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, November 26, 2021 - 12:12:25 PM
Last modification on : Monday, March 21, 2022 - 2:48:16 PM

File

2021-perivier-iza.pdf
Publisher files allowed on an open archive

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : hal-03451099, version 1

Collections

Citation

Stephen Bazen, Xavier Joutard, Hélène Périvier. Measuring the Child Penalty Early in a Career: The Case of Young Adults in France. 2021. ⟨hal-03451099⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

14

Files downloads

81