Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

Nodal defence: the changing structure of U.S. alliance systems in Europe and East Asia

Abstract : Scholars and pundits alike continue to portray the U.S.-led regional alliance systems in Europe and East Asia in stark, dichotomous terms. Whereas the North Atlantic Treaty Organization is the standard model of multilateralism, the U.S.-led system of bilateral alliances in East Asia is the archetypal ‘hub-and-spokes’ structure in which different allies (the spokes) enjoy deep bilateral strategic ties with Washington (the hub) but not with each other. We argue that these common depictions of U.S.-led alliance systems are obsolete. Instead, we show that what we label ‘nodal defence’ – a hybrid category that combines overlapping bilateral, minilateral and multilateral initiatives – better captures how the U.S.-led alliance systems in Europe and East Asia operate today. Specifically, nodal defence is a hybrid alliance system in which allies are connected through variable geometries of defence cooperation that are organized around specific functional roles so as to tackle different threats. To show how nodal defence is an emerging central feature of the U.S.-led regional alliance systems, we conduct an original cross-regional comparison of how these alliance systems work, drawing on elite interviews, official documents, and secondary literature.
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadata
Contributor : Dorian Ryser Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, November 22, 2021 - 3:42:23 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, January 18, 2022 - 11:42:04 AM




Luis Simón, Alexander Lanoszka, Hugo Meijer. Nodal defence: the changing structure of U.S. alliance systems in Europe and East Asia. Journal of Strategic Studies, Taylor & Francis (Routledge): SSH Titles, 2021, 44 (3), pp.360-388. ⟨10.1080/01402390.2019.1636372⟩. ⟨hal-03440878⟩



Les métriques sont temporairement indisponibles