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La lutte contre la pauvreté, un enjeu international

Abstract : The article reviews six decades of development aid and the battle against poverty, demonstrating a move from a concern about “poor nations” to recognition of the disparities among countries and the stratification and social inequalities within each. It covers periods as diverse as the beginning of the Cold War and decolonization, the years of rapid development in the 1960s and 1970s under the influence of Keynesian economics, the dominance of neo-liberalism and finally the proclamation of the Millennium Development Goals in 2000. This history reveals the reoccurrence of debates over the volume of aid, its efficacy, its goals, the impact of opportunism by both donor and recipient countries and the continuing dependency of “developing” countries. The reader is led to question the role of development aid in international relations: an instrument to fight poverty or to fight threats, both real and imagined, originating in poor countries and thereby to maintain peace and the status quo among the powers that be?
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Isabelle Hillenkamp, Jean-Michel Servet. La lutte contre la pauvreté, un enjeu international. Centre de recherches internationales; Marie-Françoise Durand; Christian Lequesne. Ceriscope Pauvreté, Centre de recherches internationales; Atelier de cartographie de Sciences Po, 2012. ⟨hal-03418269⟩



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