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La dérive contestataire en Roumanie et en Bulgarie

Abstract : The national populist phenomenon which appeared in Romania in 1991 and only in 2005 in Bulgaria, bears similarities and differences within these two countries. The parties, Romania Mare (PRM, Greater Romania) and Ataka, led respectively by the poet Vadim Tudor and the journalist Volen Siderov with comparable charisma and virulence, have adopted an antisystem stance, denouncing the failure of post-Communism, the weakening of the State, of the old social order, the incompetence and corruption of the power élites, etc. In fact, they reflect the disappointments and frustrations of a non negligible part of the electorate (approximately 13 % in Romania, 9 % in Bulgaria). But while PRM is more concerned with a nationalist agenda, Ataka focuses on the social consequences of economic reforms. Anti-Western sentiment is clearly stronger in the Romanian extremist party than in its Bulgarian counterpart. Lastly, while both dwell on the danger posed by national minorities (Hungarians in Romania, Turks in Bulgaria, Roms in both countries), the PRM’s language is strongly irredentist while Ataka’s is of a more defensive nature. Similarly, anti-Semitism holds an important place in the rhetoric of the former, a recurring phenomenon since the middle of the 19th century, while for the latter, this is generally associated to the denunciation of American policy as a “hostage of the Jewish lobby”.
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Submitted on : Friday, November 5, 2021 - 9:36:43 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, April 26, 2022 - 5:44:02 PM

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Antonela Capelle-Pogacean, Nadège Ragaru. La dérive contestataire en Roumanie et en Bulgarie. Le Courrier des pays de l'Est, La documentation française, 2006, pp.44 - 51. ⟨hal-03417734⟩

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