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Macroéconomie et domination politique en Tunisie : du « miracle économique » benaliste aux enjeux socio-économiques du moment révolutionnaire

Abstract : The discourse of the « economic miracle » in Ben Ali’s Tunisia was elaborated by the economic and political Tunisian technocracy. What were scrutinized were only the macroeconomic aggregates. Other data were restaped in order to confirme a general narrative based on these « macro economic fundamentals ». Economic and social reality was not questioned. This article unravels this discourse in order to better understand the making of the bureaucratic, political and social dynamics. The shaping of this account came to structure modes of government in much more complex ways than a simple invention for disciplinary goals. Foreign and national actors contributed – sometimes consciously, sometimes not – to the vulgarisation and widespreading of this discourse. The latter was not only imposed from above, but largely shared within the Tunisian society. If one subscribes to the idea that the discourse is a component of the art of government, one can understand why the macroeconomic discourse is not fundamentally challenged by the revolution, despite the social movement that damaged the relevance of the miracle. This discourse continues to be within the realms of political possibility. Thus macroeconomy appears to be one element of regime’s legitimation process, an expression of its power and of its capacity to craft an order.
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Submitted on : Friday, November 5, 2021 - 7:23:30 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, January 18, 2022 - 11:42:04 AM

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Béatrice Hibou. Macroéconomie et domination politique en Tunisie : du « miracle économique » benaliste aux enjeux socio-économiques du moment révolutionnaire. Politique africaine, Karthala, 2012, pp.127 - 154. ⟨hal-03417531⟩

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