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Social Capital as Social Mechanisms and Collective Asset : The Example of Status Auctions Among Colleague

Abstract : This chapter describes the way in which the intersection of networks can be a social and informal mechanism that contributes to organizational governance. Specifically, it is about a mechanism that helps organizations deal with potentially negative effects of status competition between members. We identify our main contribution as twofold. Firstly, status competition is examined as an "unbounded" status auction process. Sutton and Hargadon (1996) provided rich descriptions of "bounded" or "segregated" status auctions in design firms; the status auction that they describe is confined to the brainstorming room and designated brainstorming sessions. Here, we look at "unbounded" and diffuse status auction in which status displays and challenges occur throughout the organization. When status auctions cannot be confined or segmented away from day-to-day operations, they need to be governed in some other way. We report how intersecting kinds of relationships serve that end. In other words, we describe how a specific kind of multiplexity in members’ networks provides the social mechanism that helps to deal with the potentially negative effects of such status competition and auctions. Secondly, we use a specific data analysis method (p* models, called or ERGMs today) that is important to reconstitute this informal governance mechanism, especially because it helps to analyze the sub-structures of multiplex ties between members on which this mechanism is based.
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Submitted on : Friday, November 5, 2021 - 12:01:53 PM
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Emmanuel Lazega, Philippa Pattison. Social Capital as Social Mechanisms and Collective Asset : The Example of Status Auctions Among Colleague. Nan Lin; Ronald Burt; Karen Cook. Social Capital : Theory and Research, Aldine Transaction, pp.185 - 208, 2001. ⟨hal-03416593⟩

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