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Journal articles

L'impérativité désactivée

Abstract : The applicability of mandatory regulation or loi de police does not prevent the enforcement of a choice of forum clause in favour of a foreign court. In France, the Cour de cassation has adhered in turn to a solution already prevailing in other jurisdictions and for which arbitrability of disputes involving social or economic regulation paved the way. As with arbitration, the progressive liberalisation of requirements for the cross-border movement of the chosen court's decision may empower private actors to cross jurisdictional boundaries and benefit from a quasi-immunity from the constraints of state law. One possible response to such neutralisation of mandatory rules would be to set up a regime which would be dual from the point of view of the subject-matter of the rules involved (i.e. whether they are protective of weaker parties or whether they carry public economic regulation) and transversally applicable whatever the nature of the chosen forum (i.e. similar principles would apply to choice of arbitrator or foreign court), so as to exclude weaker parties from access to jurisdictional autonomy, including as far as arbitration of their disputes is concerned, while, on the other hand, preserving freedom of choice of forum and, correlatively, a low level of control in other cases, subject of course to the procedural precautions which Community law now mandates when the dispute falls within its scope.
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Submitted on : Friday, November 5, 2021 - 3:51:47 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, May 26, 2022 - 3:56:09 AM

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Dominique Bureau, Horatia Muir Watt. L'impérativité désactivée. Revue Critique de Droit International Privé, Dalloz, 2009, pp.1 - 23. ⟨hal-03415773⟩

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