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Ancrage local et (dé)construction scolaire de la xénophobie : les effets de lieu sur les représentations de l’étranger chez les lycéens de quartiers populaires à Johannesburg

Abstract : How postapartheid schools mediate xenophobia. Site effects on learners’ subjectivities towards foreignness in low-income schools of Johannesburg - The paper explores how notions of foreignness and belonging among high school learners vary according to the location of their schools, based on a comparison of three low-income areas in Johannesburg. Conceptualizing xenophobia as a political discourse, it demonstrates that the hegemonic conception of citizenship based on indigeneity taken by the South African national trajectory is locally mediated through site effects and the schools’ organizational habitus. Learners develop more inclusive attitudes towards international migrants in pan-African Yeoville, and more exclusive attitudes towards international and some internal rural migrants in the townships of Alexandra and Orlando East. This is due to differential local demographic transformations and (anti) xenophobic mobilisations, interactions with migrants, institutional filtering in schools, and the practices of the school staff.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, November 3, 2021 - 7:59:35 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, January 18, 2022 - 11:42:04 AM

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Jeanne Bouyat. Ancrage local et (dé)construction scolaire de la xénophobie : les effets de lieu sur les représentations de l’étranger chez les lycéens de quartiers populaires à Johannesburg. Hérodote - Revue de géographie et de géopolitique, Elsevier Masson/La Découverte, 2019, 2019/3 (174), pp.65 - 84. ⟨10.3917/her.174.0065⟩. ⟨hal-03413584⟩

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