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Asymmetric Macroeconomic Stabilization And Fiscal Consolidation In The Oecd And The Euro Area

Abstract : This paper presents empirical evidence of asymmetric fiscal policy along the business cycle, using a real-time panel data on 19 OECD countries. We estimate various specifications of fiscal policy rules, in which ex ante fiscal policy has two major objectives: macroeconomic stabilization and fiscal consolidation. First, we find that a symmetric fiscal policy rule may not be an accurate representation of real-time fiscal policy. We find evidence in favor of asymmetric fiscal policy, in particular regarding the response to output gap. Second, fiscal policy appears to be generally procyclical in downturns and a-cyclical in upturns, typically in the Euro Area and during the crisis. Third, we do not find significant evidence of a procyclical fiscal consolidation in the OECD and the Euro Area, although surplus-debt feedback coefficients are generally larger in downturns. Our results are robust to an alternative measure of business cycle and to country exclusion.
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https://hal-sciencespo.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03403071
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Submitted on : Tuesday, October 26, 2021 - 8:53:39 AM
Last modification on : Monday, March 21, 2022 - 2:48:15 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, January 27, 2022 - 6:42:23 PM

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​pierre Aldama, Jérôme Creel. Asymmetric Macroeconomic Stabilization And Fiscal Consolidation In The Oecd And The Euro Area. 2020. ⟨hal-03403071⟩

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