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Electorates, new cleavages, social structures

Abstract : That advanced post-industrial democracies have been subject to massive social change in the postwar period is a given of the sociological and political science literature (Dalton, Flanagan and Beck, 1984; Franklin, Mackie and Valen, 1992). Indeed, the emphasis that the latter discipline in particular places on the link between social structure and electoral behaviour can obscure the undoubtedly greater importance that such changes have had on the quotidian as well as on mass politics. The fundamental restructuring of Western economies towards service economies, away from traditional industrially oriented infrastructures; the associated expansion of education in secondary and tertiary levels; social mobility among new white-collar classes bridging the traditional opposition of 'lower' and 'middle' class; geographie mobility, as the foci of economie activity have migrated from industrial heartlands to tertiary sector business-parks - these new patterns of sociological strata have engendered large-scale changes in lifestyles which, while not necessarily apparent at the micro-level to the individuals themselves, are nonetheless undeniable at the macro-level. [First paragraph]
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Jocelyn Evans, Nonna Mayer. Electorates, new cleavages, social structures. Alistair Cole; Patrick Le Galès; Jonah Levy. Developments in French politics 3, Palgrave Macmillan, pp.35 - 53, 2005, 9781403941800. ⟨hal-03400029⟩



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