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Journal articles

Deux approches de la justice en France et aux États Unis : L’application de la loi en perspective

Abstract : As an institution, justice does not compensate adequately for social and economic inequalities. Studying American juvenile courts, Aaron V. Cicourel (1968) showed that delinquent youths escape conviction more easily when they are from middle-class rather than lower-class families. In L’application de la loi. Deux poids, deux mesures (1977), statistical results from about 400 criminal cases demonstrate that the sentencing – gravity of the crime and previous judgments being equal – is heavier for young people, immigrants, and blue-collar workers. In “Why the ‘Haves’ Come out Ahead” (1974), Marc Galanter traced a conceptual framework for analysis of the inequality of proficiency in judicial culture (as opposed to legal knowledge.) The outcome of a criminal or civil case is better when the defendant is proficient in judicial culture.
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Nicolas Herpin. Deux approches de la justice en France et aux États Unis : L’application de la loi en perspective. Droit et Société, Librairie générale de droit et de jurisprudence : Lextenso éditions/L.G.D.J., 2013, pp.641 - 652. ⟨hal-03399909⟩



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