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La social-écologie : une perspective théorique et empirique

Abstract : This article intends to start off with a synopsis of the theoretical and analytical approach of the socio-ecological approach, which aims at linking the social question and ecological challenges, by setting it within the wider issue of sustainable development. The social-ecological relationship is a dual one : on the one hand, there is social inequality, the increase in which over the last few decades is attested by several studies, and which feeds contemporary environmental deterioration and ecological crises through a certain number of transmission channels identified by the article ; in return, those same ecological crises worsen the social inequality that is partially responsible for their emergence by giving rise to fresh inequality that can be described as environmental, and of which a typology is offered here. The second part of the article chooses the challenge of environmental inequality to illustrate the relevance and usefulness of the socio-ecological approach for France. Four facets of French environmental inequality are identified : air pollution, habitat pollution, unequal access to natural resources (water, food, energy), and, finally, unequal exposure to natural risks. The second part ends with a review of the limitations of that research agenda, and of the obstacles that can stand in the way of its application in terms of public policy.
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Eloi Laurent. La social-écologie : une perspective théorique et empirique. Revue française des affaires sociales, La documentation française, 2015, 1 (1-2), pp.125 - 143. ⟨hal-03399283⟩



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