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Des individus rationnels sont-ils désespérement piégés dans des dilemmes sociaux ? L’analyse d’Elinor Ostrom

Abstract : Are rational individuals desperately trapped in social dilemmas? The analysis of Elinor Ostrom Between purely private merchandise and public goods, between the market, which supposedly sees to an optimal distribution of private commodities, and the state, which creates and manages public goods, are there no other categories of property and players ? The question seems settled once and for all since Garett Hardin’s The tragedy of the commons, a well-known article published in Science in 1968. Elinor Ostrom, an economist, political scientist and Nobel Prize winner in Economics (2009), has obstinately paid very close attention to the ways various communities provide for long-term operations and a forward-looking management of natural environments, which have been “artificialized” more effectively than either the market or government can do. With help from other researchers, she has revived work on the topic of “common goods” thanks to her study of the polycentric governance of natural resources.
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Submitted on : Saturday, October 23, 2021 - 11:11:19 PM
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Eloi Laurent, Elinor Ostrom. Des individus rationnels sont-ils désespérement piégés dans des dilemmes sociaux ? L’analyse d’Elinor Ostrom. Annales des mines - Série Responsabilité et environnement, F.F.E., 2015, 3 (79), pp.31 - 35. ⟨hal-03399235⟩

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