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Elements toward a Comparative Analysis of Affirmative Action Policies

Abstract : Broadly defined, affirmative action encompasses any measure that allocates resources through a process that takes into account individual membership in underrepresented groups, with a view to increasing the proportion of individuals from those groups in positions from which they have been excluded as a result of state-sanctioned oppression in the past or societal discrimination in the present. A comparative overview of affirmative action regimes reveals that the most direct and controversial variety of affirmative action emerged as a strategy for conflict management in deeply divided societies; that the policy tends to expand in scope, either embracing additional groups, encompassing wider realms for the same groups, or both; and that in countries where the beneficiaries are numerical majorities, affirmative action programs are more extensive and their transformative purpose is unusually explicit.
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Submitted on : Friday, October 22, 2021 - 11:03:14 PM
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Daniel Sabbagh. Elements toward a Comparative Analysis of Affirmative Action Policies. Vidhu Verma. Unequal Worlds. Discrimination and Social Inequality in Modern India, Oxford University Press, pp.164 - 186, 2015, 9780199453283. ⟨hal-03398281⟩



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