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Le « Jeu de l'amour » : trajectoires sacrificielles et usages stratégiques des martyrs dans le mouvement sikh pour le Khalistan

Abstract : Although the first Sikh martyrs gave their lives as early as the 17th century, it is only in the 19th that the Singh Sabha socio-religious reform movement standardized a Sikh “tradition” of martyrdom. This invented tradition was later on appropriated by Sikh revolutionary movements, such as the Ghadr movement of the 1910s, and even more so by the secessionist movement for Khalistan in the 1980s. For Khalistani guerillas, martyrdom was the outcome of a deeply individualistic death wish that prevented the leaders of the insurgent groups to define a rational strategy in their struggle against the Indian state. However, after the movement was militarily defeated, in the mid-1990s, these voluntary deaths were converted and celebrated (particularly on the Internet) as unambiguous sacrifices for the nation, and they were instrumental in the construction of a combative memory of the movement for Khalistan.
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Laurent Gayer. Le « Jeu de l'amour » : trajectoires sacrificielles et usages stratégiques des martyrs dans le mouvement sikh pour le Khalistan. Cultures et conflits, 2006, 63, pp.113 - 133. ⟨hal-03393564⟩

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