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Cuisine et politique en Inde. La politique culinaire des Kayasthes, caste de scribes

Abstract : Cuisine and politics in india. the culinary politics of the kayastha, a scribe caste India is the home of two essential world cuisines embodying radically different philosophical principles. In the historical context of the Moghul and British Empires, these two cuisines make up a genuine political-gastronomic arena, a place of struggle and competition for the conquest of political and symbolic advantages. In the field of Hindu cooking, sanskritization, based on the observance of very specific cooking and eating rules, enables the lower castes to attempt to reach the status of the highest castes. The Muslim cooking field is by definition more secular, as in it the conquest of taste is freed from the socio-cosmic principles in which Hindu cooking confines it. It allows the expression of an ashrafization wich ennobles those who, rubbing shoul­ders with Mogul power, adopt its culinary mores. The Kayastha caste, originally a scribe caste, placed by its functions at the intersection of these two world cuisines, was able to take advantage of the gastro-political conflicts induced by the shock of Hindu and Muslim cooking and eating. Kayastha cuisine, illustrating the first inklings of a syncretic Indian cooking, thus cons­titutes a political idiom, one of the new "languages" of independent India.
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Max-Jean Zins. Cuisine et politique en Inde. La politique culinaire des Kayasthes, caste de scribes. Revue Francaise de Science Politique, Fondation Nationale des Sciences Politiques, 1998, 48 (3-4), pp.409 - 436. ⟨hal-03393059⟩

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