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La Turquie face aux réfugiés syriens. Entre engagement humanitaire et instrumentalisation politique : Entre engagement humanitaire et instrumentalisation politique

Abstract : Turkey Hosting Syrian Refugees. Between Humanitarian Commitment and Political Instrumentalisation
While the issue of Syrian refugees has led an increasing number of countries to work on curbing arrivals, one country, Turkey, hosts almost half of these refugees. Yet, far from imposing restrictions, Turkey has distinguished itself for its open border policy and large-scale humanitarian contribution. Turkey’s generosity alone is not sufficient to understand this asylum policy put in place specifically for Syrians. There are indeed a number of political factors that indicate a certain level of instrumentalisation of this issue. In particular, Turkey’s benevolent attitude can be explained by Turkey’s early opposition to Assad in the Syrian conflict and its wish to play a role in the post-conflict reconstruction of Syria, as well as by its willingness to extract material and symbolic benefits from the European Union. But the refugee crisis also matters at the level of domestic politics, where different political parties (in power or in the opposition) seem to have used the refugee issue opportunistically, at the expense of a climate favorable to Syrians’ healthy integration in Turkey.
Mots-clés : Syrie Turquie Réfugiés
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Bayram Balci, Juliette Tolay. La Turquie face aux réfugiés syriens. Entre engagement humanitaire et instrumentalisation politique : Entre engagement humanitaire et instrumentalisation politique. Les études du Centre d'études et de recherches internationales, Centre de recherches internationales, pp.1 - 36, 2016. ⟨hal-03389091⟩

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