Accéder directement au contenu Accéder directement à la navigation
Pré-publication, Document de travail

Public Policies And The Art Of Catching Up: Matching The Historical Evidence With A Multi-Country Agent-Based Model

Abstract : In this paper, we study the effects of industrial policies on international convergence using a multi-country agent-based model which builds upon Dosi et al. (2019b). The model features a group of microfounded economies, with evolving industries, populated by heterogeneous firms that compete in international markets. In each country, technological change is driven by firms’ activities of search and innovation, while aggregate demand formation and distribution follows Keynesian dynamics. Interactions among countries take place via trade flows and international technological imitation. We employ the model to assess the different strategies that laggard countries can adopt to catch up with leaders: market-friendly policies;industrial policies targeting the development of firms’ capabilities and R&D investments, as well as trade restrictions for infant industry protection; protectionist policies focusing on tariffs only. We find that markets cannot do the magic: in absence of government interventions, laggards will continue to fall behind. On the contrary, industrial policies can successfully drive international convergence among leaders and laggards, while protectionism alone is not necessary to support catching up and countries get stuck in a sort of middle-income trap. Finally, in a global trade war, where developed economies impose retaliatory tariffs, both laggards and leaders are worse off and world productivity growth slows down.
Type de document :
Pré-publication, Document de travail
Liste complète des métadonnées

https://hal-sciencespo.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03242369
Contributeur : Spire Sciences Po Institutional Repository <>
Soumis le : lundi 31 mai 2021 - 08:57:27
Dernière modification le : dimanche 4 juillet 2021 - 03:25:09

Fichier

2020-dosi-public-policies-and-...
Fichiers éditeurs autorisés sur une archive ouverte

Identifiants

Collections

Citation

Giovanni Dosi, Andrea Roventini, Emmanuele Russo. Public Policies And The Art Of Catching Up: Matching The Historical Evidence With A Multi-Country Agent-Based Model. 2020. ⟨hal-03242369⟩

Partager

Métriques

Consultations de la notice

12

Téléchargements de fichiers

13