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Souverainetés et impérialismes dans les royaumes zande du Nord-Congo des années 1860 aux années 1900. Alliances, collaborations et résistances

Abstract : Drawing on colonial sources and documents from oral inquiries, this essay analyses the behaviour of zande sultans regarding the arrival of new conquerors in the second half of the 19th Century – Nubian traders, Egyptian government officers, Mahdist and Arab-Swahili fighters and European soldiers. Governing kingdoms located in the North of the Congo basin and the South-West of Sudan since the end of the 18th Century, these leaders shared their sovereignty over populations, resources and territories in order to limit the effects of those newly-established imperialisms in the Uele region. This essay shows that, far from undergoing complete submission, most of the sultans cooperated with those conquerors in order to preserve their sovereignty within their kingdoms. In the early 20th century, the Congo Free State, a new colonial power, definitely suppressed those sovereignties when it decided to physically eliminate those great sultans, who had played such an essential part in the practice of zande power.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 13, 2021 - 4:55:36 PM
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Lancelot Arzel. Souverainetés et impérialismes dans les royaumes zande du Nord-Congo des années 1860 aux années 1900. Alliances, collaborations et résistances. Revue d’histoire du XIXe siècle, La Société de 1848, 2019, 2 (59), pp.95 - 119. ⟨10.4000/rh19.6589⟩. ⟨hal-03197327⟩

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