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History and social sciences as medical research tools: The silicosis project and the investigation of the pathogenic effects of dust

Abstract : The article presents a research on the potential role of silica dust in association with a range of systemic idiopathic diseases (sarcoidosis, systemic lupus, systemic scleroderma, rheumatoid arthritis,...). In this interdisciplinary project, the recourse to history helps coordinating a medical knowledge which is fragmented: a) between disciplines (pulmonology, anatomopathology, internal medicine, pediatrics, genetics, occupational medicine); b) between specialists from the various diseases involved; c) between occupational and environmental diseases. History and the social sciences also help to understanding the «agnotological» processes of ignorance, forgetfulness and non-stabilization of knowledge. Collaboration with historians transforms, literally, the way how physicians question these diseases, whose risk factors are so transversal and heterogeneous that they become hardly visible.
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Submitted on : Monday, October 26, 2020 - 11:40:35 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 27, 2021 - 3:39:26 PM

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Paul-Andre Rosental, Catherine Cavalin, Michel Vincent. History and social sciences as medical research tools: The silicosis project and the investigation of the pathogenic effects of dust. Quaderni Storici, Il Mulino, 2015, 150 (3), pp.825 - 857. ⟨10.1408/82693⟩. ⟨hal-02978173⟩

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