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La part du national. : Comparer des politiques infranationales dans un environnement multi-niveaux

Abstract : Issues, stakeholder networks and policy problem definitions may be defined at the local level. But subnational arenas are often influenced or even structured by national patterns. Taking into account several policy levels has methodological implications for comparative frameworks that are barely dealt with in the literature. We argue that studies comparing subnational policies have to address the impact of national characteristics. The central issue of this paper can be sum up as follows: How identify national framework influences when comparing subnational policies? We first present two main approaches that combine subnational and national levels in comparative frameworks. The first one is characterized by the domination of national level. Subnational cases are used to grasp implementation issues or to refine national patterns. In the second one, mainly inspired by the urban governance literature, the characterization of the subnational entities prevails. Taking into account these two ways of comparing subnational policies, we then present a third-way to combine these perspectives, through the observation of actors evolving in a multilevel environment.
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Julie Pollard, Pauline Prat. La part du national. : Comparer des politiques infranationales dans un environnement multi-niveaux. Revue internationale de politique comparée, 2012, 19 (2), pp.37 - 56. ⟨10.3917/ripc.192.0037⟩. ⟨hal-02978169⟩

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