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La souveraineté fragmentée. Intervention internationale et guerre civile en Afghanistan après 2001

Abstract : While the state has never been a set of instituted monopolies, many authors highlighted the contemporary transformation of sovereignty in the direction of a disarticulation of the national space, particularly from the point of view of violence, law and economics. In civil war contexts, two converging dynamics fuel each other: the fragmentation of sovereignty under the influence of international forces and the emergence of a competing sovereignty that militarily challenges the existing order. The purpose of this text – written to express our solidarity with Fariba Adelkhah and to pay tribute to her work on Afghanistan – is to depict this process of fragmentation in the phase of Western intervention between 2001 and 2014. This period is marked by the multiplication of derogatory rights for internationals, a deconstruction of the economy of violence and law and, finally, the formation of transnational regional markets. This process of fragmentation triggered by international forces is a decisive factor in the rise of the Taliban insurgency, which promotes a state conception of sovereignty
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Adam Baczko, Gilles Dorronsoro. La souveraineté fragmentée. Intervention internationale et guerre civile en Afghanistan après 2001. Sociétés politiques comparées, Fonds d'analyse des sociétés politiques, 2020, pp.en ligne. ⟨hal-02951015⟩



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