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Des coopératives au syndicalisme de base : la citoyenneté industrielle dans le secteur de la logistique en Italie (1990-2015)

Abstract : In the long history of the workers’ cooperative movement in Italy, logistics became one of the most important sectors during the two last decades. Yet, during the 1990s, cooperatives embarked in a generalized process of “entrepreneurization”. In reason of their cooptation in transnational value chains, cooperatives became the pivot of a regime of despotic labor that denied workers industrial citizenship and basic social and civil rights. Since the 2010s, this system has been challenged by a series of mobilizations led by “autonomous” or “grassroots” labor unions (SI Cobas and ADL Cobas) demanding the a abolition of cooperatives, the end of the sub-contracting system, and the restoration of standard employment relationships. Workers’ struggles have allowed working conditions to be improved in the warehouses. Nevertheless, the Cobas also have had to face the institutional constraints specific to this sector: namely, the cooperatives’ reluctancy to normalize their employment relations, client companies’ resistance to reduce pressure on labor cost, and the ambivalence of traditional labor unions vis-à-vis rank-and-file mobilizations. The result of the interaction between mobilizations and institutional constraints is a precarious compromise, in which the improvement of working conditions and the recognition of grassroots unions cannot be taken for granted in face of constant employer’s backlash.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, September 22, 2020 - 1:21:32 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, November 18, 2021 - 10:14:04 AM

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Francesco Sabato Massimo. Des coopératives au syndicalisme de base : la citoyenneté industrielle dans le secteur de la logistique en Italie (1990-2015). Critique Internationale, Presses de sciences po, 2020, pp.57 - 78. ⟨10.3917/crii.087.0057⟩. ⟨hal-02945505⟩

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