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Les apprentissages parisiens aux XIXe et XXe siècles

Abstract : Parisian Apprenticeships in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. This paper delineates changes and continuities in practices, discourses and social norms of apprenticeship before and after the French Revolution. It uses quantification and a comparison using heterogenous sources to shed light on this question. It first discusses numbers of apprentices and masters or mistresses, and the aspirations of apprentices and their parents: what did they hope that apprenticeship would bring them? The study of eighteenth-century trajectories and nineteenth-century statistics shows that many apprenticeships were not the beginning of a career in the trade. The authors then turn to judicial archives to show that courts were more often used by the parties to decide on apprenticeship disputes in the nineteenth century, and that this role was more focused on the enforcement of the duration of contracts. The paper discusses the long-term persistence of a widely shared norm of good apprenticeship, which coexisted with many deviant practices ; those differed across genders and trades.
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Clare Crowston, Steven L. Kaplan, Claire Lemercier. Les apprentissages parisiens aux XIXe et XXe siècles. Annales. Histoire, Sciences sociales, Armand Colin, 2018, 73 (4), pp.849-889. ⟨10.1017/ahss.2019.93⟩. ⟨hal-02924901⟩



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