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La construction des groupes professionnels : les restaurateurs d'oeuvres d'art en France et aux Etats-Unis

Abstract : Comparing the paths of professionalization followed since the 1960s by restorers of art works in France and the United States, this article examines the players and processes involved in the construction of professional organizations. Institutions such as government and professional associations certainly contribute to shaping the contours of professional dynamics. In France, for example, there is a monopoly in the museum market for graduates from new, specialized training programmes, whereas in the United States, there is strictly no regulatory framework and the profession has seen the development of salaried employment. Inter-professional struggles and inter-organizational negotiations, however, fuel these dynamics, particularly the changing role of restorers in relation to museum curators in the division of labour.
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Léonie Hénaut. La construction des groupes professionnels : les restaurateurs d'oeuvres d'art en France et aux Etats-Unis. Formation Emploi. Revue française de sciences sociales, La documentation française/CEREQ, 2010, pp.49 - 62. ⟨hal-02544207⟩

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