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À qui l'apprentissage donne-t-il du pouvoir ? (France, XIXe siècle)

Abstract : Who got power from apprenticeship in nineteenth-century France? In many towns and cities of nineteenth-century France, apprenticeship survived the end of guilds. It was generally considered as a domestic arrangement, modeled on the father-son relationships, yet it was also a contracts, enforced by labor courts. This paper first discusses the borders between apprenticeship and domestic service, showing that the presence of apprenticeships remodeled power relationships in the master's or mistress' household. It then focuses on bourgeois paternal authority figures (labor court judges, supervisers in charitable societies) who tried to influence relationships between the apprentices (who mostly had popular backgrounds), their parents and their masters or mistresses. It finally circumscribes the opportunities for agency that were open for apprentices in the context of such complex power relationships.
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Submitted on : Sunday, January 26, 2020 - 11:06:48 AM
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Claire Lemercier. À qui l'apprentissage donne-t-il du pouvoir ? (France, XIXe siècle). Mélanges de l’École française de Rome - Italie et Méditerranée, 2019, 131 (1), pp.99 - 113. ⟨10.4000/mefrim.6020⟩. ⟨hal-02455455⟩



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