HAL will be down for maintenance from Friday, June 10 at 4pm through Monday, June 13 at 9am. More information
Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Directions of work or proceedings

The transformation of urban political leadership in Western Europe (symposium)

Abstract : In the two decades since the early 1980s, Western European local political executives and how they operate have changed, sometimes profoundly. Most notable has been the shift toward the direct election of mayors in a number of countries, such as Germany,Italy and Norway; and also England, when municipalities decide to. Along with stronger collegial bodies in some Nordic countries and the reinforced status of mayors in France and Spain, these phenomena suggest that reformers have promoted and adopted stronger styles of urban leadership and have sought to strengthen the local executive function. [first paragraph of the introduction]
Document type :
Directions of work or proceedings
Complete list of metadata

Contributor : Spire Sciences Po Institutional Repository Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, December 11, 2019 - 12:36:55 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, March 1, 2022 - 11:28:02 AM




Olivier Borraz, Peter John. The transformation of urban political leadership in Western Europe (symposium). Olivier Borraz; Peter John. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 28 (1), Blackwell Publishing, pp.92, 2004. ⟨hal-02404424⟩



Record views