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European Disunion? Social and Economic Divergence in Europe, and their Political Consequences

Abstract : This chapter demonstrates the economic and political dualization of Europe, and a growing divergence between two groups of countries as a result of the economic crisis. The first group of countries in the north of Europe, concentrated around Germany, Austria, and the Nordic countries, along with certain eastern European countries having close economic ties to Germany, has steadily emerged from the crisis and resumed a positive economic and social path. The second group, however, comprised mainly of the southern and eastern periphery, remains stuck in negative economic and social situations following the crisis. The chapter shows that despite the seemingly uniform rise of populist anti-EU challengers across Europe, these challengers differ significantly in the grievances they raise. Radical right parties are dominant in the center of Europe, while radical left parties outperform the radical right in the periphery, a dynamic that constitutes a second, political, dualization of Europe.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, December 4, 2019 - 12:51:49 PM
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Jan Rovny, Bruno Palier, Allison E. Rovny. European Disunion? Social and Economic Divergence in Europe, and their Political Consequences. Philip Manow; Bruno Palier; Hanna Schwander. Welfare Democracies and Party Politics, Oxford University Press, pp.29 - 60, 2018, 9780198807971. ⟨hal-02393321⟩



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