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The Diversity Gap in the Portuguese and Spanish Parliaments: Descriptive Representation Through an Intersectional Perspective

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Abstract

This chapter constitutes the first attempt at examining the extent to which the diversity represented in Iberian legislatures reflects the existing diversity in the population, a crucial dimension on which to evaluate the quality of democracy. Drawing on original biographical data of MPs, our survey of diversity looks at gender, age, ethnicity, sexuality and ableness, and it pays attention to the intersection of gender with these markers of identity. The results show that, whereas women’s presence has significantly increased in the last decade, the other minority groups remain remarkably underrepresented. Cross-party differences are rather small, except for the tendency for left-wing parties to include more LGBT MPs and younger MPs. Our exploratory analysis also indicates that gender interacts with the markers mentioned above of identity in specific ways. Men MPs outnumber women MPs in all social groups (migrant origin and ethnic minority, LGBT and disability) but the youth.
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hal-02384756 , version 1 (28-11-2019)

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Ana Paula Do Espírito Santo, Laura Morales, Tània Verge. The Diversity Gap in the Portuguese and Spanish Parliaments: Descriptive Representation Through an Intersectional Perspective. Jorge M. Fernandes; Cristina Leston-Bandeira. The Iberian Legislatures in Comparative Perspective, Routledge, pp.127, 2019, 9781351065221. ⟨hal-02384756⟩
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