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La laïcité, dispositif d’usage du religieux par les gouvernants? Le cas de la Turquie

Abstract : The Republic of Turkey presents specific patterns of governing the religious realm. The Constitutional principle of laiklik (secularism) amounts to a control of religion by the state. A form of quasi-official Islam is promoted by public institutions, that have a pretention to monopolize the religious realm to the detriment of alternative religious interpretations. This, however, never managed to neutralize the political potential of religion. On the contrary, the politicization of religious issues leads to religion being one of the most debated and contested issues of political struggles. To what extent has the access to power of parties coming from an Islamist tradition impacted the government of religion? Their promises of liberalizing the religious realm haven’t given rise to a more neutral stance of the state toward different religious interpretations, despite the condemnations of Turkey by the European Court of Human Rights on the grounds of religious discrimination. However, the Justice and Development Party in office has fostered the state religious apparatus and promoted the visibility of mainstream Islam in public space. Therefore, one observes growing uses of religion for political purposes.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, November 5, 2019 - 10:03:49 AM
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Elise Massicard. La laïcité, dispositif d’usage du religieux par les gouvernants? Le cas de la Turquie. Eurostudia , 2019, 13 (1-2), pp.49-70. ⟨10.7202/1064488ar⟩. ⟨hal-02346749⟩



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