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Caduta libera: costituzione e lo spazio della nazione

Abstract : The relationship between landscape and nationality is a source of refined cultural exercises. The landscape links to the nation in a circular relationship, since the nation is defined by the land it occupies, and that land provides the visual constants that make the landscape in turn. The Italian landscape projects the ideal of a country which has never existed. Landscape and the nation-both modern constructions-are fragile and at risk. The nation-states affirmed by the 15th century (but not in Italy) elaborated in fact upon the (re) discovery of nature and antiquity. Landscape was again exalted by romanticism, nationalism and the post-Napoleonic individualism. The crisis of modernity clearly traces a threshold for the stability of both landscape and nation. The constitutional pact between the two ideas is reconsidered at a time when both seem destined to break. Under this epochal process is not difficult to recognize the signs of a more specific problem : the difficult Italian relationship with change, the perennial misunderstanding of modernity, the refuge in the myth. What civic virtues, what political sense can we draw from the inherited idea of landscape ? The question is rhetorical, since neither the nation nor the landscape coincides anymore with old representations. However, the answers can help to overcome some of the educational rituals and Republican stereotypes.
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Marco Cremaschi. Caduta libera: costituzione e lo spazio della nazione. Mélanges de l’École française de Rome - Italie et Méditerranée, Ecole Française de Rome, 2013, 125 (2), pp.241-249. ⟨10.4000/mefrim.1379⟩. ⟨hal-02297074⟩



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