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Book Sections Year : 2016

Freedom or Security? The role of national parliaments in the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice

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Abstract

The Area of Freedom, Security and Justice (AFSJ) touches upon two fundamental issues: on the one hand the national sovereignty and the State’s capacity to control and to manage its territory and its population, and on the other hand the protection of fundamental human rights and civil liberties. Thus, the balance between liberty and security is the core of the AFSJ. Scholars have argued that the lack of parlia-mentary accountability and control of home affairs policies has led to an insuffi-cient standard of human protection. However, recent developments in this area bought by the treaty of Lisbon conferred to national parliaments a special role in AFSJ polices (Article 69, Title V of TFEU). They should ensure that the legisla-tive initiative in relation to judicial cooperation in criminal matters and to police cooperation (Chapter 4 and 5) comply with the principle of subsidiarity. The ques-tion that this paper tries to answer is to what extent the involvement of national parliaments in European policies brings a more humanitarian approach to the AFSJ? To do so, we rely on two theoretical concepts: that of frame and that of parliamentary scrutiny and one case study: the reform of the Schengen agreements proposed by the European Commission in September 20111. In a comparative perspective we analyse how the French and the Italian parliamentarians scruti-nized the reform mentioned above and what role do they play in the decision-making process.
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hal-02287347 , version 1 (13-09-2019)

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Angela Tacea. Freedom or Security? The role of national parliaments in the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice: The role of national parliaments in the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice. EU Borders and Shifting Internal Security - Technology, Externalization and Accountability, Springer, pp.177 - 198, 2016, 9783319175591. ⟨hal-02287347⟩
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