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Lectures et langages du transhumanisme

Abstract : An attempt to provide an overview of contemporary transhumanism, this article engages with two major controversies about the meaning of the human and the posthuman. First, debates about the ethics of human enhancement question the limits of liberalism, and the conditions under which autonomy should be exercised. Against communautarian and deliberative critics opposing substantial technological transformations of the human species, transhumanist arguments support biological modifications on liberal and libertarian grounds. Second, debates about the kind of biopolitics that enables transhumanist narratives of the future draw the distinction between posthumanist emancipatory projects, based on a critique of modern anthropocentrism and universalism, and transhumanist perspectives aimed at the further increase of human power and control over the world. These controversies help understand how transhumanist ideas get contested and decontested, by delineating transhumanism as a semantic field at the crossroads of liberal political thinking and critics.
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https://hal-sciencespo.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02282455
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Submitted on : Tuesday, September 10, 2019 - 9:06:41 AM
Last modification on : Friday, July 2, 2021 - 1:59:53 PM

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Apolline Taillandier. Lectures et langages du transhumanisme. Raisons politiques, Presses de Science Po, 2019, 2019/2 (74), pp.73 - 81. ⟨hal-02282455⟩

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