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Les formes de jugement du politique : principes moraux, principes d’action et registre légal

Abstract : Accusations of corruption and scandals are regular grievances against politicians and governments at large. For some, these accusations are one indicator of individuals' distrust towards their political elite. This article develops an alternative argument by stressing that individuals develop a complex relationship towards politics in which issues such as morality and ethics are weighted according to different normative repertoires. Individuals' political judgments are formed by diverse criteria, such as moral principles that underpin expectations regarding politicians'behaviours ; norms of action related to the effectiveness and efficiency of the provision of public services i.e. expectations regarding the capability of politicians to respond to citizens' needs and to achieve results ; legal references mobilised to accentuate a judgment. This article develops this argument by presenting evidence gathered through focus groups. The research identifies four normative repertoires : legalism, contractualism, pragmatism, and realism. These normative repertoires illustrate different relational understandings of politics and different conceptions of the norms that are supposed to underpin it.
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Pierre Lascoumes, Philippe Bezes. Les formes de jugement du politique : principes moraux, principes d’action et registre légal. Année Sociologique, 2009, 59 (1), pp.109-147. ⟨10.3917/anso.091.0109⟩. ⟨hal-02186647⟩



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