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L'Europe et les Etats-providence

Abstract : This analysis of the EU's influence on the future of national welfare states points out three distinct phases in the interactions between the building of Europe and of welfare states. During a phase of expansion (1950s–1970s), European authorities were building a common market while allowing member states that were lagging behind in welfare to catch up. During a second phase of conflict (1980s–1990s), advances in the economic construction of Europe caused tensions to flare up with social policies inherited from the past. During a third phase (starting in the late 1990s), EU authorities have been trying to reconcile economic policies with new social policies. To analyze each phase, we must take into account both the EU initiatives capable of having a direct or indirect impact on national welfare systems and the national welfare institutions and strategies that were adopted.
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Bruno Palier. L'Europe et les Etats-providence. Sociologie du Travail, Association pour le développement de la sociologie du travail, 2009, 51 (4), pp.518-535. ⟨10.1016/j.soctra.2009.09.005⟩. ⟨hal-02186633⟩

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