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Introduire la proportionnelle pour restaurer la confiance en la démocratie ?

Abstract : The choice of a majoritarian or a proportional voting system is not only a choice between justice and efficiency: it also hinges on the level of trust characterising the relationships between citizens and democratic institutions. The results presented in this Policy Brief show that, in majoritarian voting systems, winners of elections are largely more satisfied than losers. This differential in satisfaction is reduced in proportional voting systems. In a context of polarized public debate, this differential can lead to an accrued fluctutation of citizens’ opinions on the value of democracy. Implementing a proportional voting system would allow mitigating conflict between citizens and including a higher amount of voters in the winners’ camp. This can be easily done in France, for instance through organizing the election of deputies with a list voting system in the new administrative regions.
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Emiliano Grossman, Simon Persico. Introduire la proportionnelle pour restaurer la confiance en la démocratie ?. LIEPP Policy Brief, Laboratoire interdisciplinaire d’évaluation des politiques publiques (LIEPP, Sciences Po), 2015, ⟨10.25647/liepp.pb.18⟩. ⟨hal-02186383⟩

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