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Plateforme, big data et recomposition du gouvernement urbain : Les effets de Waze sur les politiques de régulation du trafic

Abstract : This article adopts a perspective of sociology of data to analyze how urban governance is being reshaped in connection with the new quantification regime of big data. Drawing on the case of traffic flow plans and the Waze application, it pursues two hypotheses. 1) Big data puts forward new representations of the city that disturb what has been public institutions’ stable, ordered organization of reality, enabling new actors called platforms to offer alternative ways of regulating urban space and thereby generating tensions with local public authorities. 2) Nonetheless, the analysis specifies that the ways in which these new data are produced bring to light modes of accommodating both the reality established by public institutions and the reality of digital service platforms. Through the data path, new types of coordination between public and private actors emerge. The article thus illustrates what sociology of data can contribute to understanding how in the big data era, different types of regulation can be applied locally to produce new modes of urban governance.
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Submitted on : Monday, July 15, 2019 - 5:53:32 PM
Last modification on : Friday, July 2, 2021 - 1:59:53 PM

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Antoine Courmont. Plateforme, big data et recomposition du gouvernement urbain : Les effets de Waze sur les politiques de régulation du trafic. Revue française de sociologie, Presse de Sciences Po / Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, 2018, 59 (3), pp.423 - 449. ⟨hal-02184075⟩

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