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L’Europe et les réfugiés : une politique peu solidaire

Abstract : Intergovernmental cooperation aiming to limit the number of asylum seekers dates back to the 1980s, even though the heads of states and governments of the member states of the Union decided to create a common asylum policy only in 1999. The entry into force of the Treaty of Amsterdam granted the European institutions a more prominent role in the drafting of policies regarding immigration, asylum and external borders management. However, the legislative texts only aim at a minimum harmonization of the member states’ policies. In fact, instead of a European asylum policy, what has emerged is a policy of non-access to asylum through a number of measures such as making visas compulsory to enter Europe, imposing penalties against carriers, or codifying the notions of “safe” countries and “manifestly unfounded demands”. Rather than introducing a common policy, the Dublin agreements and the EURODAC data base have made it possible to send asylum seekers from country to country. Thus, European asylum policy shows little solidarity and benefits only the ministries of those countries which had elaborated an informal system as early as 1985 in order to stop welcoming asylum seekers.
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Virginie Guiraudon. L’Europe et les réfugiés : une politique peu solidaire. Pouvoirs - Revue française d’études constitutionnelles et politiques, Le Seuil, 2013, 1 (144), pp.79 - 89. ⟨10.3917/pouv.144.0079⟩. ⟨hal-02182418⟩



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