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, His academic interests are administrative reforms and bureaucracies in France and in comparative perspective, state restructuring, institutional change and public policy. He is preparing a co-edited volume (with Steven van de Walle, Gerhard Hammerschmid and Rhys Andrews) entitled Public Administration Reforms in Europe: The View from the Top, Philippe Bezes is Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) Research Professor in Political Science at the Centre d'É tudes et de Recherches de Sciences Administratives et Politiques (CERSA)

P. Le and L. , His main research interests are decentralization policies, local government reforms and territorial restructuring in comparative perspective, including such items as national trajectories of territorial reforms, multi-level and metropolitan governance, the sociology of public finance, and the sociology of political work. He recently published 'Decentralisation and territorial reforms in France: How constitutional constraints impact strategies for reform, Changing Federal Constitutions. Lessons from International Comparison, 2012.