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La Chine de Xi Jinping : en marche vers un fascisme à la chinoise ?

Abstract : Xi Jinping’s China: Marching toward a Chinese fascism? The nature of the Chinese regime has not changed since 1949, but the need to renew the legitimacy of the Communist Party after the death of Mao Zedong led Deng Xiaoping to release the pressure of the party apparatus on society and the economy. After the 1989 Tian’anmen massacre, Deng opened the country to the world market while maintaining the dictatorship. The rapid economic development and the exploitation of grey areas by ngos have led to a release of controls. After rising to power, Xi Jinping repressed the emerging civil society and reinforced the direction of the Party in all areas, eliminating autonomous spaces and installing the cult of personality. With the hegemony of the Party on society and government, the cult of the leader and nationalism, China cannot be compared to democratorships. As an ostensible dictatorship, its system increasingly recalls fascism.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, July 9, 2019 - 3:29:18 PM
Last modification on : Friday, July 2, 2021 - 1:59:53 PM

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Jean-Philippe Béja. La Chine de Xi Jinping : en marche vers un fascisme à la chinoise ?. Pouvoirs - Revue française d’études constitutionnelles et politiques, Le Seuil, 2019, 2 (169), pp.117 - 128. ⟨10.3917/pouv.169.0117⟩. ⟨hal-02178120⟩

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