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Le chômage a-t-il encore un sens ? Enseignements d’une comparaison dans trois métropoles

Abstract : Unemployment (in the sense of the ILO) has been subjected to many international comparisons that usually apply codified indicators to measure it, according to given standards. Our approach is entirely different. The comparison is not pre-established by simply adjusting the instrument of measure, it becomes itself the object under examination: is unemployment a meaningful and stalwart category that allows jobless persons in very different societies to possess an identity? In order to solve this enigma, the article outlines the different phases of a comparative approach based on biographical interviews with unemployed persons in three conurbations (Paris, São Paulo, Tokyo). A comprehensive comparison reveals both the strength and the fragility of the jobless category, thus becoming a useful adjunct to standardized comparisons. ln line with Figurational Sociology, we see unemployment as a crossroads, where normativities, variables of time and space, and subjectivities that differ according to social status and personal itineraries, intersect.
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Didier Demazière. Le chômage a-t-il encore un sens ? Enseignements d’une comparaison dans trois métropoles. Sociologie du Travail, Association pour le développement de la sociologie du travail, 2013, 55 (2), pp.191 - 213. ⟨hal-02140409⟩



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