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Devenir expert, rester médecin ? : Les effets de la spécialité médicale sur l’exercice de la médecine légale

Abstract : In France, until 1st October 2017, legal medicine was distinct from both the medical specialty model — in which the monopoly of legal expertise is restricted to those holding a specific title — and the model of expert opinion — in which any medical doctor can make an assessment as an occasional collaborator of the courts. Forensic scientists and medical examiners followed a university medical curriculum that could consist of various medical specialties, with the result that their practice could be rooted in very different disciplinary backgrounds. Between the multiplicity of medical specialties and the different ways of addressing medical expertise in the legal context, the professional socialisation of medical experts suggests the need to study the medical specialty of experts as a force of inertia in the day-to-day practice of legal medicine. Drawing on an ethnographic analysis of several hospital legal medicine departments and on a series of interviews with experts, this paper addresses the different ways in which specialist knowledge and medico-legal expertise combine. The analysis unfolds at three levels: professional models in legal medicine, the circumstances of medical assessment, and the actual organisation of medico-legal work. Beyond this, the paper seeks to analyse how initial training is redirected following the transition to a new professional activity framed by the law.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, May 15, 2019 - 10:48:54 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 20, 2021 - 11:49:14 AM

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Romain Juston. Devenir expert, rester médecin ? : Les effets de la spécialité médicale sur l’exercice de la médecine légale. Sociologie du Travail, Association pour le développement de la sociologie du travail, 2018, 60 (3), pp.en ligne - en ligne. ⟨hal-02129673⟩

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