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Transformation des politiques de recrutement des forces armées au Royaume-Uni et aux États-Unis

Abstract : Transformation of recruitment policies among American and British armed forcesIn this paper, we propose a state of the art of military recruitment policies in the United Kingdom and the United States to illustrate their transformation regarding the economic liberalization process and the will of these two countries to act as military powers. We address the issue of policy instruments to recruit American and British armed forces through a public policy approach but also in terms of security studies to better understand the logic of change at work for a decade. Based on an extensive documentary work, we illustrate the points of convergence and divergence of both Ministries of Defence in the management of military human resource entangled between economic logic of efficiency and transformation of the role of State. If the use of incentive instruments (subsidized salaries, retraining bonuses, education) and the use of private military companies best characterize the recruitment policy of the U.S. and British armies, the latter display different outcomes in terms of quality and quantity of recruits.
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Martial Foucault, Bastien Irondelle. Transformation des politiques de recrutement des forces armées au Royaume-Uni et aux États-Unis. Gouvernement & action publique, Presses de sciences po, 2013, 4 (4), pp.621 - 640. ⟨hal-02108945⟩



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