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Gouverner le « long terme ». La prospective et la production bureaucratique des futurs en France

Abstract : This article examines French strategic foresight, as a way of understanding how contemporary states make use of forms of knowledge and expertise in order to govern. Relying on a series of quantitative and qualitative instruments, from indicators to scenarios, prospective emerged in the 1960s as a particular form of state expertise aiming at ordering social change. In doing so, it carried mainly American conceptions of decision science into the French planning apparatus. This article examines the genesis of the “long-term” as a category of action, and as question of bureaucratic future production in the French state. It examines the changing role of prospective from the preoccupation with societal discontinuity and social crisis in the wake of 1968, to the more recent concern with strategic planning. It argues that the strategic state understands change as directly related to its own agency, and governing the long term thus implies governing and managing the state itself.
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Jenny Andersson, Pauline Prat. Gouverner le « long terme ». La prospective et la production bureaucratique des futurs en France. Gouvernement & action publique, Presses de sciences po, 2015, 3 (3), pp.9 - 29. ⟨hal-02108907⟩

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