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État et secteur énergétique en France : quels dirigeants pour quelles relations ?

Abstract : Since the end of the 1980s the state has been engaged in a withdrawal from the management of nationalized businesses. The institutional environment for industrial firms has changed considerably as a result. Firms have internationalized and a number of markets have been liberalized. What has been the result of these changes for relations between the state and big business? In this article I set out to respond to this question looking at the case of the energy sector, in which the state has played a large role as a shareholder since the beginning of the 1990s. Considering the managers of the largest firms in this sector to be business resources, I will identify the strategies implemented by these firms, which reveal recourse to the state and notably the political sphere. The changes to the social properties of the energy sector managers have proceeded in two directions during the last two decades. The firms have it both ways, exhibiting both their independence from the state through administrative boards, while reinforcing informal ties with the political sphere through their executive committees.
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Scott Viallet-Thevenin. État et secteur énergétique en France : quels dirigeants pour quelles relations ?. Revue française de sociologie, Presse de Sciences Po / Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, 2015, 56 (3), pp.469 - 499. ⟨hal-01719518v2⟩

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