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'Pays' ruraux et découpage de l'espace : les réseaux migratoires dans la région lilloise au milieu du XIXe siècle

Résumé : Rural "pays" and spatial divisions. Migration networks in the Lille region in mid-nineteenth century Rural mobility in nineteenth-century France remains relatively poorly understood. By comparison with the large-scale out-migration of the exode rural it is often reduced to a simple 'micro-mobilité'. Taking the example of a major centre of urbanization, the region of the future metropolitan aggregate of Lille-Roubaix-Tourcoing around 1850, this article applies structural analysis of networks to inter-village relations to show the importance of local migration fields. Contrary to what is predicted by gravity models, the rural context is composed of groups of communes bound together by dense relations. These introduce spatial divisions though without actually forming distinct 'pays' (in the geographical sense) or 'cliques' (in the sense of network analysis). Their compactness is moreover not uniform, thus revealing the contrasted character of spatial organization. The results, obtained using the blockmodels method, add to our understanding of such questions as the importance of the linguistic frontier separating the internal migrations of Flemish- and French-speakers, and the formation of city faubourgs and suburbs, as well as providing a perspective for immobility and long-distance migrations, and offering a new assessment of the role of the urban network in mobility.
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Claire Lemercier, Paul-Andre Rosental. 'Pays' ruraux et découpage de l'espace : les réseaux migratoires dans la région lilloise au milieu du XIXe siècle. Population (édition française), INED - Institut national d’études démographiques, 2000, 55 (4-5), pp.691 - 725. ⟨hal-01693531⟩



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