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Migration et (contre)révolution dans le Golfe : Politiques migratoires et politiques de l’emploi en Arabie saoudite

Abstract : In the wake of the Arab springs, the Gulf monarchies and Saudi Arabia in particular have launched counter-revolutionary policies both at the domestic and international level. Beyond the repression of political opponants, Saudi Arabia initiated a series of reforms in the field of immigration and labour market policies. Their goal was to dismiss the socio-economic discontent of Saudis and to repvent a potential uprising. The political engineering involved to shape institutions and behaviours is embedded is a long term trend of politicization of migration as a key existential threat for the country. We argue that beyond regime change, the risk of a “social revolution” (Theda Skocpol) is what looms ahead for Saudi policy makers. The reforms can therefore be understood as an effort to reinforce the class divisions between nationals and foreigners and the domination of the former on the latter.
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Hélène Thiollet. Migration et (contre)révolution dans le Golfe : Politiques migratoires et politiques de l’emploi en Arabie saoudite. Revue Europeenne des Migrations Internationales, Université de Poitiers, 2015, 31 (3-4), pp.121 - 143. ⟨hal-01675523⟩

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