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À qui profite la « concurrence » ? : Modèles de concurrence et régulation de la grande distribution française (1949-1986)

Abstract : The active regulation of mass retail by the French state contributed to three decades of growth between 1950 and 1980. The state justified intervention in the name of “competition”. However, over the time period covered in this article, competition models implemented by bureaucracies varied. The first model viewed competition as a means of modernizing the French retail sector, and aimed at reducing the role of small shopkeepers considered to be archaic. A second model emerged in the 1970s. It viewed competition as a means to protect the interests of the abstract figure of the consumer. A third model, that emerged in the 1980s, sought to defend suppliers against the “disloyal” practices of retailers. To defend their interests and win the support of public opinion, economic actors (both retailors and the suppliers) used these various competition models, and in doing so helped to shape and transform them. Therefore, the notion of “competition” appears to be a flexible signifier in different market configurations.
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https://hal-sciencespo.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01520974
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Submitted on : Thursday, May 11, 2017 - 12:01:13 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 20, 2021 - 11:49:14 AM

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Sebastian Billows. À qui profite la « concurrence » ? : Modèles de concurrence et régulation de la grande distribution française (1949-1986). Gouvernement & action publique, Presses de sciences po, 2016, pp.69 - 91. ⟨hal-01520974⟩

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